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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Oct 11;14:390. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-390.

Preventive effects of Chlorella on skeletal muscle atrophy in muscle-specific mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 activity-deficient mice.

Author information

1
Department of Research and Development, Chlorella Industry Co, Ltd, 1343 Hisatomi, Chikugo, Fukuoka 833-0056, Japan. yuya_nakashima@chlorella.co.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oxidative stress is involved in age-related muscle atrophy, such as sarcopenia. Since Chlorella, a unicellular green alga, contains various antioxidant substances, we used a mouse model of enhanced oxidative stress to investigate whether Chlorella could prevent muscle atrophy.

METHODS:

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is an anti-oxidative enzyme that detoxifies reactive aldehydes derived from lipid peroxides such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE). We therefore used transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative form of ALDH2 (ALDH2*2 Tg mice) to selectively decrease ALDH2 activity in the muscles. To evaluate the effect of Chlorella, the mice were fed a Chlorella-supplemented diet (CSD) for 6 months.

RESULTS:

ALDH2*2 Tg mice exhibited small body size, muscle atrophy, decreased fat content, osteopenia, and kyphosis, accompanied by increased muscular 4-HNE levels. The CSD helped in recovery of body weight, enhanced oxidative stress, and increased levels of a muscle impairment marker, creatine phosphokinase (CPK) induced by ALDH2*2. Furthermore, histological and histochemical analyses revealed that the consumption of the CSD improved skeletal muscle atrophy and the activity of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that long-term consumption of Chlorella has the potential to prevent age-related muscle atrophy.

PMID:
25305781
PMCID:
PMC4200191
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6882-14-390
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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