Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;59 Suppl 4:S310-6. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu460.

Santa Clara de Nanay: the MAL-ED cohort in Peru.

Author information

1
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland Asociación Benéfica PRISMA, Unidad de Investigaciones Biomédicas.
2
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
3
Asociación Benéfica PRISMA, Unidad de Investigaciones Biomédicas.
4
US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6.
5
Universidad Cientifica del Peru, Iquitos, Perú

Abstract

The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study communities in Peru are located in Loreto province, in a rural area 15 km from the city of Iquitos. This riverine population of approximately 5000 individuals is fairly representative of Loreto. The province lags behind the rest of the country in access to water and sanitation, per capita income, and key health indicators including infant mortality (43.0 vs 16.0 per 1000 nationwide) and under-5 mortality (60.6 vs 21.0 per 1000). Total fertility rates are higher than elsewhere in the country (4.3 vs 2.6). Nationwide, the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus is estimated at 0.45%, the prevalence of tuberculosis is 117 per 100 000, and the incidence of malaria is 258 per 100 000. Stunting in this community is high, whereas acute undernutrition is relatively uncommon. The population suffers from high rates of diarrheal disease. Prevalent enteric pathogens include Ascaris, Giardia, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Shigella, and Campylobacter.

KEYWORDS:

MAL-ED; Peru; birth cohort; malnutrition

PMID:
25305303
DOI:
10.1093/cid/ciu460
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center