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Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;59 Suppl 4:S248-54. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu421.

Infant feeding practices, dietary adequacy, and micronutrient status measures in the MAL-ED study.

Author information

1
Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.
2
Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.
3
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway Department of Child Health, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
4
Department of Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa.
5
Department of Nutrition, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brasil.
6
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.
7
Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Chicago.
8
icddr,b (formerly International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
9
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Abstract

The overall goal of The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study is to evaluate the roles of repeated enteric infection and poor dietary intakes on the development of malnutrition, poor cognitive development, and diminished immune response. The use of 8 distinct sites for data collection from Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia allow for an examination of these relationships across different environmental contexts. Key to testing study hypotheses is the collection of appropriate data to characterize the dietary intakes and nutritional status of study children from birth through 24 months of age. The focus of the current article is on the collection of data to describe the nature and adequacy of infant feeding, energy and nutrient intakes, and the chosen indicators to capture micronutrient status in children over time.

KEYWORDS:

MAL-ED; dietary intake; infant feeding; micronutrients

PMID:
25305294
PMCID:
PMC4204612
DOI:
10.1093/cid/ciu421
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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