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J Endod. 2014 Dec;40(12):2036-40. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2014.08.017. Epub 2014 Oct 8.

Qualitative analysis of precipitate formation on the surface and in the tubules of dentin irrigated with sodium hypochlorite and a final rinse of chlorhexidine or QMiX.

Author information

1
Discipline of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
3
Discipline of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address: Bettina.basrani@dentistry.utoronto.ca.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Interaction of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) mixed with chlorhexidine (CHX) produces a brown precipitate containing para-chloroaniline (PCA). When QMiX is mixed with NaOCl, no precipitate forms, but color change occurs. The aim of this study was to qualitatively assess the formation of precipitate and PCA on the surface and in the tubules of dentin irrigated with NaOCl, followed either by EDTA, NaOCl, and CHX or by saline and QMiX by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS).

METHODS:

Dentin blocks were obtained from human maxillary molars, embedded in resin, and cross-sectioned to expose dentin. Specimens in group 1 were immersed in 2.5% NaOCl, followed by 17% EDTA, 2.5% NaOCl, and 2% CHX. Specimens in group 2 were immersed in 2.5% NaOCl, followed by saline and QMiX. The dentin surfaces were subjected to TOF-SIMS spectra analysis. Longitudinal sections of dentin blocks were then exposed and subjected to TOF-SIMS analysis. All samples and analysis were performed in triplicate for confirmation.

RESULTS:

TOF-SIMS analysis of group 1 revealed an irregular precipitate, containing PCA and CHX breakdown products, on the dentin surfaces, occluding and extending into the tubules. In TOF-SIMS analysis of group 2, no precipitates, including PCA, were detected on the dentin surface or in the tubules.

CONCLUSIONS:

Within the limitations of this study, precipitate containing PCA was formed in the tubules of dentin irrigated with NaOCl followed by CHX. No precipitates or PCA were detected in the tubules of dentin irrigated with NaOCl followed by saline and QMiX.

KEYWORDS:

Chlorhexidine; TOF-SIMS; hypochlorite; parachloroaniline; tubules

PMID:
25305239
DOI:
10.1016/j.joen.2014.08.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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