Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Epilepsy Res. 2014 Dec;108(10):1853-63. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2014.09.013. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

Alterations of 5-HT1A receptor-induced G-protein functional activation and relationship to memory deficits in patients with pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy.

Author information

1
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: manolacuellar@yahoo.com.mx.
2
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: analuisav@yahoo.com.
3
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: slanfe@prodigy.net.mx.
4
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: davidtrejomartinez@gmail.com.
5
National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery "Manuel Velasco Suarez", Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: alonsovanegasm@gmail.com.
6
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: anb.uayak@gmail.com.
7
Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: daruny@yahoo.com.
8
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: rguevara@unam.mx.
9
Department of Pharmacobiology. Center of Research and Advanced Studies, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: lrocha@cinvestav.mx.

Abstract

The 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT1A) receptors are known to be involved in the inhibition of seizures in epilepsy. Moreover, studies propose a role for the 5-HT1A receptor in memory function; it is believed that the higher density of this receptor in the hippocampus plays an important role in its regulation. Positron emission tomography (PET) studies in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) have demonstrated that a decrease in 5-HT1A receptor binding in temporal regions may play a role in memory impairment. The evidences lead us to speculate whether this decrease in receptor binding is associated with a reduced receptor number or if the functionality of the 5-HT1A receptor-induced G-protein activation and/or the second messenger cascade is modified. The purpose of the present study is to determine 5-HT1A receptor-induced G-protein functional activation by 8-OH-DPAT-stimulated [(35)S]GTPγS binding assay in hippocampal tissue of surgical patients with mTLE. We correlate functional activity with epilepsy history and neuropsychological assessment of memory. We found that maximum functional activation stimulation values (Emax) of [(35)S]GTPγS binding were significantly increased in mTLE group when compared to autopsy samples. Furthermore, significant correlations were found: (1) positive coefficients between the Emax with the age of patient and frequency of seizures; (2) negative coefficients between the Emax and working memory, immediate recall and delayed recall memory tasks. Our data suggest that the epileptic hippocampus of patients with mTLE presents an increase in 5-HT1A receptor-induced G-protein functional activation, and that this altered activity is related to age and seizure frequency, as well as to memory consolidation deficit.

KEYWORDS:

Epilepsy; Human tissue; Memory; Neuropsi; Serotonin; [(35)S]GTPγS

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center