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Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Nov;11(9):1426-32. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201405-222OC.

Airway ciliary dysfunction and sinopulmonary symptoms in patients with congenital heart disease.

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), and.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Patients with congenital heart disease with heterotaxy exhibit a high prevalence of abnormal airway ciliary motion and low nasal nitric oxide, characteristics associated with primary ciliary dyskinesia, a reflection of the role of motile cilia in airway clearance and left-right patterning.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the potential broader clinical significance of airway ciliary dysfunction in congenital heart disease, we assessed the prevalence of ciliary dysfunction versus respiratory symptoms in patients with congenital heart disease with or without heterotaxy.

METHODS:

Patients with a broad spectrum of congenital heart disease were recruited (nā€‰=ā€‰218), 39 with heterotaxy. Nasal nitric oxide measurements and nasal biopsies for ciliary motion video microscopy were conducted. Sinopulmonary symptoms were reviewed by questionnaire.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

A high prevalence of ciliary motion defects (51.8%) and low or borderline low nasal nitric oxide levels (35.5%) were observed in patients with congenital heart disease with or without heterotaxy. Patients with ciliary motion defects or low nasal nitric oxide showed increased sinopulmonary symptoms, with most respiratory symptoms seen in those with both abnormal ciliary motion and low nitric oxide. Multivariate analysis showed that abnormal ciliary motion and low nasal nitric oxide were more important in determining risk of sinopulmonary symptoms than heterotaxy status.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with congenital heart disease without heterotaxy exhibit a high prevalence of abnormal ciliary motion and low nasal nitric oxide. This was associated with more sinopulmonary symptoms. These findings suggest that patients with a broad spectrum of congenital heart disease and respiratory symptoms may benefit from screening for ciliary dysfunction and implementation of medical interventions to reduce sinopulmonary morbidities.

KEYWORDS:

ciliary dyskinesia; heterotaxy; nasal nitric oxide

PMID:
25302410
DOI:
10.1513/AnnalsATS.201405-222OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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