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Waste Manag. 2015 Jan;35:318-28. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.09.010. Epub 2014 Oct 6.

Multiple stakeholders in multi-criteria decision-making in the context of Municipal Solid Waste Management: A review.

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School of Engineering (Okanagan Campus), University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada.
School of Engineering (Okanagan Campus), University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada. Electronic address:


Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is a complicated process that involves multiple environmental and socio-economic criteria. Decision-makers look for decision support frameworks that can guide in defining alternatives, relevant criteria and their weights, and finding a suitable solution. In addition, decision-making in MSWM problems such as finding proper waste treatment locations or strategies often requires multiple stakeholders such as government, municipalities, industries, experts, and/or general public to get involved. Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is the most popular framework employed in previous studies on MSWM; MCDA methods help multiple stakeholders evaluate the often conflicting criteria, communicate their different preferences, and rank or prioritize MSWM strategies to finally agree on some elements of these strategies and make an applicable decision. This paper reviews and brings together research on the application of MCDA for solving MSWM problems with more focus on the studies that have considered multiple stakeholders and offers solutions for such problems. Results of this study show that AHP is the most common approach in consideration of multiple stakeholders and experts and governments/municipalities are the most common participants in these studies.


Group decision making; Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA); Multiple stakeholder; Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM)

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