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Anaesthesist. 2014 Oct;63(10):745-52. doi: 10.1007/s00101-014-2370-3. Epub 2014 Oct 11.

[Which learning methods are expected for ultrasound training? Blended learning on trial].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Marienhospital Münsterland, Krankenhaus Greven und Emsdetten, Emsdetten, Deutschland.



Current teaching methods in graduate and postgraduate training often include frontal presentations. Especially in ultrasound education not only knowledge but also sensomotory and visual skills need to be taught. This requires new learning methods.


This study examined which types of teaching methods are preferred by participants in ultrasound training courses before, during and after the course by analyzing a blended learning concept. It also investigated how much time trainees are willing to spend on such activities.


A survey was conducted at the end of a certified ultrasound training course. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire based on a visual analogue scale (VAS) in which three categories were defined: category (1) vote for acceptance with a two thirds majority (VAS 67-100%), category (2) simple acceptance (50-67%) and category (3) rejection (< 50%).


A total of 176 trainees participated in this survey. Participants preferred an e-learning program with interactive elements, short presentations (less than 20 min), incorporating interaction with the audience, hands-on sessions in small groups, an alternation between presentations and hands-on-sessions, live demonstrations and quizzes. For post-course learning, interactive and media-assisted approaches were preferred, such as e-learning, films of the presentations and the possibility to stay in contact with instructors in order to discuss the results. Participants also voted for maintaining a logbook for documentation of results.


The results of this study indicate the need for interactive learning concepts and blended learning activities. Directors of ultrasound courses may consider these aspects and are encouraged to develop sustainable learning pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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