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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2014 Dec;40:390-396. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2014.09.016. Epub 2014 Sep 28.

The effects of repeated heat-pressing on the mechanical properties and microstructure of IPS e.max Press.

Author information

1
Department of Stomatology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing 210002, China; Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: t-xuehua2008@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Stomatology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing 210002, China.
3
Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We evaluated the effects of repeated heat-pressing on the mechanical properties and microstructure of IPS e.max Press.

METHODS:

A total of 20 specimens were fabricated including 10 heat-pressed once and another 10 heat-pressed twice. The density, porosity, and surface roughness (Ra) were evaluated. Three-point flexural strength following the ISO 6872 and Vickers hardness were measured, and fracture toughness (KIC) was calculated. Specimens were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

RESULTS:

Compared to a single heat-press treatment, the density decreased and porosity increased after two heat-pressing events. A significant difference in density was observed. The flexural strength, Vickers hardness and fracture toughness significantly decreased after two heat-pressing events. The XRD patterns show that the intensity of the crystalline phase better corresponds to lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5) after two heat-presses than only one. The SEM images detailed the interlocking microstructure of rod-shaped Li2Si2O5 crystals after one heat-press. These became oriented after two heat-presses, and the crystal size became larger.

CONCLUSION:

This study showed that repeated heat-pressing was detrimental to the density, porosity, strength, hardness, and toughness of IPS e.max Press.

KEYWORDS:

IPS e.max Press; Mechanical properties; Microstructure; Repeated heat-pressing

PMID:
25300063
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmbbm.2014.09.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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