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J Periodontol. 2015 Feb;86(2):292-300. doi: 10.1902/jop.2014.140450. Epub 2014 Oct 9.

Quantitative assessment of the associations between interleukin-8 polymorphisms and periodontitis susceptibility.

Author information

1
Department of Stomatology, The Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This review assesses the associations of interleukin-8 gene (IL-8) -251A/T (rs4073) and -845T/C (rs2227532) polymorphisms with susceptibility to periodontitis.

METHODS:

Several electronic databases were searched for eligible articles. Twelve studies involving 2,233 cases and 2,655 controls were retrieved and analyzed. Odds ratios (ORs) along with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of relationship between the IL-8 polymorphisms and periodontitis risk.

RESULTS:

No significant association was found for IL-8 -251A/T polymorphism with periodontitis in the overall analysis and stratification by periodontitis type and smoking status. Subgroup analysis by ethnicity revealed that -251A/T T allele and TT genotype were associated with decreased risk of periodontitis in a Brazilian mixed population (T allele versus A allele: OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.68 to 0.94, Pheterogeneity = 0.30; TT versus AA: OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.93, Pheterogeneity = 0.39; TT versus

AA/AT:

OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.98, Pheterogeneity = 0.01). In addition, -251A/T T allele was associated with increased periodontitis risk in Asians. Pooled estimates showed that the -845T/C polymorphism was associated with periodontitis susceptibility in overall analysis and the chronic periodontitis subgroup. In addition, marginal associations were observed between -845T/C polymorphism and periodontitis in a Brazilian mixed population. Moreover, this association was also confirmed to be significant in Brazilian non-smokers.

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis indicated that both IL-8 -251A/T and -845T/C polymorphisms may be involved in the development of periodontitis in a Brazilian mixed population, whereas the -251A/T allele T appeared to be a risk factor for periodontitis in Asians.

KEYWORDS:

Case-control study; disease susceptibility; interleukin-8; meta-analysis; periodontitis; polymorphism, genetic

PMID:
25299389
DOI:
10.1902/jop.2014.140450
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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