Send to

Choose Destination
J Health Psychol. 2016 Jul;21(7):1283-92. doi: 10.1177/1359105314551623. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Masculinity impediments: Internalized masculinity contributes to healthcare avoidance in men and women.

Author information

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA.


Gender beliefs contribute to men's healthcare avoidance, but little research examines these outcomes in women. This article models healthcare avoidance related to masculine contingencies of self-worth in men and women. Nested path modelling tested relationships between social role beliefs, masculine contingencies of self-worth, barriers to help seeking and avoidance of health care in university and non-university-student adult samples. Results indicated social role beliefs predicted masculine contingencies of self-worth in men but not in women. Regardless of gender, masculine contingencies of self-worth predicted barriers to help seeking, which predicted healthcare avoidance in both men and women. Thus, masculine contingencies of self-worth have downstream consequences for men and women through barriers to help seeking.


gender; health behaviour; health care; men’s health; women’s health

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center