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Brain Inj. 2015;29(2):249-62. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2014.965209. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Neuropsychological and psychological rehabilitation interventions in refractory sport-related post-concussive syndrome.

Author information

1
Carolina Neuropsychological Service , Raleigh, NC , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The neuropsychological, physical, vestibular and oculomotor sequelae of sports-related concussion are extremely well documented. However, there is a paucity of interventions for these symptoms in refractory sports-related concussions.

AIM:

The intent of this article is to review the known and emerging neuropsychological and psychological rehabilitation interventions for reducing morbidity in refractory sports-related concussions (SRCs).

METHODS:

The authors openly acknowledge the limited amount of empirical data available for review, as did the Zurich consensus papers, but posit a mindful and ethical approach towards rehabilitation interventions in the absence of evidence-based guidelines. Further, rehabilitation interventions proven useful with similar injuries or illnesses, particularly non-sports-related mild TBI, will be reviewed for applicability. Such interventions include Cognitive-Behavioural psychotherapy, biofeedback, cranial electrical stimulation, neurofeedback and cognitive rehabilitation.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

Modified approaches for rehabilitation with young children within family and school systems are provided. Recommendations for further research are offered.

KEYWORDS:

Biofeedback; biopsychosocial; cognitive behavioural therapy; mild traumatic brain injury; neurofeedback; sport concussion

PMID:
25291459
DOI:
10.3109/02699052.2014.965209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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