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Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2014 Jul-Aug;(4):22-30.

[Immunogenicity and safety of a prototype chemical anthrax vaccine in laboratory animal models].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

AIM:

Evaluation of immune stimulating and toxic effects of a vaccine prototype protein components.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Linear mice, guinea pigs and rabbits were immunized subcutaneously once or twice by recombinant protective antigen (rPA), S-layer protein (EA1) or their complex. Innate immunity structure activation was registered by changes in Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression. Adaptive immune response parameters were determined by established methods. Toxicity of the preparations was determined using flow cytofluorometry and densitomorphometry.

RESULTS:

The ability of rPA and EA1 to activate structures of innate immunity - TLR 2 and 6 - was established. Features of anti-PA antibody titer dynamics for each of the animal species was determined, a comparison with antibody formation during immunization with Bacillus anthracis STI- 1 was carried out. 2 immunizations ofbiomodels with a complex preparation combined with an adjuvant provides protection from infection by a test-strain that is comparable with protectivity of a live vaccine. Evidences regarding damaging effect of rPA and EAI on cells and tissues of macro organism were not detected throughout the study.

CONCLUSION:

Aprototype of a chemical anthrax vaccine under development has high immunogenicity and its protein components are not toxic for laboratory animals based on the results of complex testing.

PMID:
25286524
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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