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J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Oct;56 Suppl 10:S18-22. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000260.

Respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust.

Author information

1
From the Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, Wyv.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide an update on respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust.

METHODS:

This article presents the results of a literature review initially performed for an International Conference on Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease held in summer 2013.

RESULTS:

Coal mine dust causes a spectrum of lung diseases collectively termed coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD). These include Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, dust-related diffuse fibrosis (which can be mistaken for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CMDLD continues to be a problem in the United States, particularly in the central Appalachian region. Treatment of CMDLD is symptomatic. Those with end-stage disease are candidates for lung transplantation. Because CMDLD cannot be cured, prevention is critical.

CONCLUSIONS:

Coal mine dust remains a relevant occupational hazard and miners remain at risk for CMDLD.

PMID:
25285970
PMCID:
PMC4556416
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0000000000000260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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