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Injury. 2014 Oct;45 Suppl 3:S70-5. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2014.08.021.

Pelvic fracture in multiple trauma: are we still up-to-date with massive fluid resuscitation?

Author information

1
Department of Trauma, Orthopaedic and Hand Surgery, Protestant City Hospital, Großherzog-Friedrich-Straße 44, 66111 Saarbrücken, Germany. Electronic address: mac.burkhardt@t-online.de.
2
Department of Trauma, Orthopaedic and Hand Surgery, Protestant City Hospital, Großherzog-Friedrich-Straße 44, 66111 Saarbrücken, Germany. Electronic address: alexander.kristen@me.com.
3
Department of Trauma Surgery, General Hospital Celle, Siemensplatz 4, 29223 Celle, Germany. Electronic address: ulf.culemann@akh-celle.de.
4
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Saarland, Kirrbergerstraße 100, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: daniel.koehler@uks.eu.
5
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Saarland, Kirrbergerstraße 100, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: tina.histing@uks.eu.
6
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Saarland, Kirrbergerstraße 100, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: joerg.holstein@uks.eu.
7
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Saarland, Kirrbergerstraße 100, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: antonius.pizanis@uks.eu.
8
Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Saarland, Kirrbergerstraße 100, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. Electronic address: tim.pohlemann@uks.eu.

Abstract

Until today the mortality of complex pelvic trauma remains unacceptably high. On the one hand this could be attributed to a biological limit of the survivable trauma load, on the other hand side an ongoing inadequate treatment might be conceivable too. For the management of multiple trauma patients with life-threatening pelvic fractures, there is ongoing international debate on the adequate therapeutic strategy, e.g. arterial embolization or pelvic packing, as well as aggressive or restrained volume therapy. Whereas traditional pelvis-specific trauma algorithms still recommend massive fluid resuscitation, there is upcoming evidence that a restrained volume therapy in the preclinical setting may improve trauma outcomes. Less intravenous fluid administration may also reduce haemodilution and concomitant trauma-associated coagulopathy. After linking the data of the TraumaRegister DGU(®) and the German Pelvic Injury Register, for the first time, the initial fluid management for complex pelvic traumas as well as for different Tile/OTA types of pelvic ring fractures could be addressed. Unfortunately, the results could not answer the question of the adequate fluid resuscitation but confirmed the actuality of massive fluid resuscitation in the prehospital and emergency room setting. Low-volume resuscitation seems not yet accepted in practice in managing multiple trauma patients with pelvic fractures at least in Germany. Nevertheless, prevention of exsanguination and of complications like multiple organ dysfunction syndrome still poses a major challenge in the management of complex pelvic ring injuries. Even nowadays, fluid management for trauma, not only for pelvic fractures, remains a controversial area and further research is mandatory.

KEYWORDS:

Coagulopathy; Fluid resuscitation; Haemorrhage; Management; Mortality; Pelvic fractures

PMID:
25284239
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2014.08.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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