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Clin Plast Surg. 2014 Oct;41(4):789-804. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2014.07.006.

Noninvasive and minimally invasive techniques in body contouring.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
2
Cleveland Clinic Florida, Department of Plastic Surgery, Weston, Florida.
3
Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey; New Jersey Plastic Surgery, Montclair, New Jersey. Electronic address: BerdMd@verizon.net.

Abstract

Major surgical body contouring procedures have several inherent drawbacks, including hospitalization, anesthetic use, pain, swelling, and prolonged recovery. It is for these reasons that body contouring through noninvasive and minimally invasive methods has become one of the most alluring areas in aesthetic surgery. Patient expectations and demands have driven the field toward safer, less-invasive procedures with less discomfort, fewer complications, and a shorter recovery. In this article, the current minimally invasive and noninvasive modalities for body contouring are reviewed.

KEYWORDS:

Body contouring; Minimally invasive; Noninvasive

PMID:
25283463
DOI:
10.1016/j.cps.2014.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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