Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr. 2015 Jan;166(1):31-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.08.039. Epub 2014 Oct 1.

Neurodevelopment and behavior after transcatheter versus surgical closure of secundum type atrial septal defect.

Author information

1
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: iemke.sarrechia@ugent.be.
2
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
3
Division of Head, Neck, and Nerve Systems, Department of Neurology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
4
Division of Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
5
Department of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
6
Division of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
7
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the neuropsychological and behavioral profiles of school-aged children treated for atrial septal defect, secundum type (ASD-II) with open-heart surgery or catheterization.

STUDY DESIGN:

Patients (n = 48; mean age, 9 years, 3 months) and a matched healthy group (mean age, 9 years, 2 months) were evaluated with a shortened intelligence scale (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, third edition, Dutch version) and a developmental neuropsychological test battery (Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, second edition, Dutch version). Parents completed behavioral checklists (Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist for Children aged 6-18). Hospitalization variables were retrieved from medical files for studying associations with long-term neurodevelopment.

RESULTS:

Compared with the healthy matched controls, patients treated for ASD-II had significantly lower scores on subtasks underlying such Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, second edition, Dutch version domains as Attention and Executive Functioning, Language, Working Memory, Sensorimotor Functioning, Social Cognition, and Visuospatial Information Processing. Only subtle differences, mainly in Visuospatial Information Processing, were found between the surgical repair and transcatheter repair groups. Socioeconomic status, longer hospital stay, and larger defect size were associated with neurocognitive outcome measures. Parents of patients reported more thought problems, posttraumatic stress problems, and lower school performance compared with parents of healthy peers.

CONCLUSION:

After treatment for ASD-II, children display a range of neuropsychologic difficulties that may increase their risk for learning problems and academic underachievement. Differences related to treatment were not found. Our results suggest that neurodevelopmental and behavioral follow-up at school age is warranted in this group.

PMID:
25282067
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.08.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center