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Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2014 Nov;44:278-84. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2014.08.031. Epub 2014 Aug 16.

Antimicrobial activity of the metals and metal oxide nanoparticles.

Author information

1
Drug Applied Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Biotechnology Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: adibkia@tbzmed.ac.ir.

Abstract

The ever increasing resistance of pathogens towards antibiotics has caused serious health problems in the recent years. It has been shown that by combining modern technologies such as nanotechnology and material science with intrinsic antimicrobial activity of the metals, novel applications for these substances could be identified. According to the reports, metal and metal oxide nanoparticles represent a group of materials which were investigated in respect to their antimicrobial effects. In the present review, we focused on the recent research works concerning antimicrobial activity of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles together with their mechanism of action. Reviewed literature indicated that the particle size was the essential parameter which determined the antimicrobial effectiveness of the metal nanoparticles. Combination therapy with the metal nanoparticles might be one of the possible strategies to overcome the current bacterial resistance to the antibacterial agents. However, further studies should be performed to minimize the toxicity of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles to apply as proper alternatives for antibiotics and disinfectants especially in biomedical applications.

KEYWORDS:

Antimicrobial activity; Metal nanoparticles; Metal oxide nanoparticles; Reactive oxygen species

PMID:
25280707
DOI:
10.1016/j.msec.2014.08.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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