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Toxicol In Vitro. 2015 Feb;29(1):113-23. doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2014.09.007. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

Suitability of skin integrity tests for dermal absorption studies in vitro.

Author information

1
BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address: katharina.guth@basf.com.
2
Freie Universität Berlin, Institute for Pharmacy, Königin-Luise-Str. 2+4, 14195 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: Monika.Schaefer-Korting@fu-berlin.de.
3
BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address: eric.fabian@basf.com.
4
BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address: robert.landsiedel@basf.com.
5
BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address: bennard.ravenzwaay@basf.com.

Abstract

Skin absorption testing in vitro is a regulatory accepted alternative method (OECD Guideline 428). Different tests can be applied to evaluate the integrity of the skin samples. Here, we compared the pre- or post-run integrity tests (transepidermal electrical resistance, TEER; transepidermal water loss, TEWL; absorption of the reference compounds water, TWF, or methylene blue, BLUE) and additionally focused on co-absorption of a (3)H-labeled internal reference standard (ISTD) as integrity parameter. The results were correlated to absorption profiles of various test compounds. Limit values of 2kΩ, 10 gm(-2)h(-1) and 4.5∗10(-3)cmh(-1) for the standard methods TEER, TEWL and TWF, respectively, allowed distinguishing between impaired and intact human skin samples in general. Single skin samples did, however, not, poorly and even inversely correlate with the test-compound absorption. In contrast, results with ISTD (e.g. (3)H-testosterone) were highly correlated to the absorption of (14)C-labeled test compounds. Importantly, ISTD did not influence analytics or absorption of test compounds. Therefore, ISTD, especially when adjusted to the physico-chemical properties of test compounds, is a promising concept to assess the integrity of skin samples during the whole course of absorption experiments. However, a historical control dataset is yet necessary for a potential routine application.

KEYWORDS:

Dermal absorption; Integrity tests; Internal reference standard; Skin barrier function; TEER; TEWL

PMID:
25280455
DOI:
10.1016/j.tiv.2014.09.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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