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Science. 2014 Oct 10;346(6206):241-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1257484. Epub 2014 Oct 2.

A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets.

Author information

1
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK. Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada. derek.tittensor@unep-wcmc.org.
2
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK.
3
Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada. Ocean Sciences Division, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Post Office Box 1006, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4A2, Canada.
4
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada.
5
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK. Centre for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum, Copenhagen, DK-2100, Denmark.
6
BirdLife International, Wellbrook Court, Cambridge CB3 0NA, UK.
7
ESE Laboratory, Université Paris-Sud, UMR 8079, CNRS-Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France.
8
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Post Office Box 303, 3720 AH, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
9
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.
10
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Post Office Box 303, 3720 AH, Bilthoven, Netherlands. Department of Earth Sciences-Geochemistry, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Post Office Box 80021, 3508 TA Utrecht, Netherlands.
11
Fisheries Centre, The University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
12
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 413, Saint Jacques Street, Suite 800, Montreal, QC H2Y 1N9, Canada.
13
Global Footprint Network, 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, 1219 Geneva, Switzerland.
14
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France.
15
RSPB Centre for Conservation Science The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL, UK.
16
Marine Stewardship Council, 1-3 Snow Hill, London EC1A 2DH, UK.
17
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Secretariat Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
18
Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 680 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
19
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) International, Charles-de-Gaulle Strasse 5, 53113 Bonn, Germany.
20
ESE Laboratory, Université Paris-Sud, UMR 8079, CNRS-Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France. DIVERSITAS, 57 rue Cuvier-CP 41, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.
21
University of Queensland, Diamantina National Park via Winton, QLD 4735, Australia.
22
Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK.
23
Union for Ethical BioTrade, De Ruyterkade 6, 1013 AA, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
24
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 5e, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Institute of Biology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Am Kirchtor 1, 06108 Halle (Saale), Germany.
25
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Secretariat, Maison internationale de l'environnement, 11-13 Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine, Geneva, Switzerland.
26
Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia Brisbane, Qld 4072 Australia.
27
The International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission (IUCN SSC) Invasive Species Specialist Group, University of Auckland, Tamaki Campus, Auckland, New Zealand.
28
AidData, The College of William and Mary, Post Office Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, USA.
29
Department of Biology and Biotechnologies, Sapienza-Università di Roma, Viale dell' Università 32, 00185 Rome, Italy.
30
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK. School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK.
31
Environment Agency Austria, Department of Biodiversity and Nature Conservation, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Vienna, Austria. University of Vienna, Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, Division of Conservation Biology, Vegetation Ecology and Landscape Ecology, Rennweg 14, 1030 Vienna, Austria.
32
Microsoft Research, Computational Science Laboratory, 21 Station Road, Cambridge, CB1 2FB, UK.

Abstract

In 2010, the international community, under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity, agreed on 20 biodiversity-related "Aichi Targets" to be achieved within a decade. We provide a comprehensive mid-term assessment of progress toward these global targets using 55 indicator data sets. We projected indicator trends to 2020 using an adaptive statistical framework that incorporated the specific properties of individual time series. On current trajectories, results suggest that despite accelerating policy and management responses to the biodiversity crisis, the impacts of these efforts are unlikely to be reflected in improved trends in the state of biodiversity by 2020. We highlight areas of societal endeavor requiring additional efforts to achieve the Aichi Targets, and provide a baseline against which to assess future progress.

Comment in

PMID:
25278504
DOI:
10.1126/science.1257484
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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