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Health Educ Res. 2014 Dec;29(6):1015-27. doi: 10.1093/her/cyu058. Epub 2014 Sep 30.

Gender norms, poverty and armed conflict in Côte D'Ivoire: engaging men in women's social and economic empowerment programming.

Author information

1
Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, Research, Evaluation and Learning Unit, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA and Innovations for Poverty Action, Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, Research, Evaluation and Learning Unit, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA and Innovations for Poverty Action, Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire kathryn.falb@yale.edu.
2
Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, Research, Evaluation and Learning Unit, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA and Innovations for Poverty Action, Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire.
3
Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, Research, Evaluation and Learning Unit, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA and Innovations for Poverty Action, Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, Research, Evaluation and Learning Unit, International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10027, USA and Innovations for Poverty Action, Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire.

Abstract

Engaging men is a critical component in efforts to reduce intimate partner violence (IPV). Little is known regarding men's perspectives of approaches that challenge inequitable gender norms, particularly in settings impacted by armed conflict. This article describes men's experiences with a women's empowerment program and highlights men's perceptions of gender norms, poverty and armed conflict, as they relate to achieving programmatic goals. Data are from 32 Ivorian men who participated in indepth interviews in 2012. Interviews were undertaken as part of an intervention that combined gender dialogue groups for both women and their male partners with women's only village savings and loans programs to reduce IPV against women. Findings suggested that in the context of armed conflict, traditional gender norms and economic stressors experienced by men challenged fulfillment of gender roles and threatened men's sense of masculinity. Men who participated in gender dialogue groups discussed their acceptance of programming and identified improvements in their relationships with their female partners. These men further discussed increased financial planning along with their partners, and attributed such increases to the intervention. Addressing men's perceptions of masculinity, poverty and armed conflict may be key components to reduce men's violence against women in conflict-affected settings.

PMID:
25274720
PMCID:
PMC4235567
DOI:
10.1093/her/cyu058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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