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Lett Appl Microbiol. 2014 Dec;59(6):572-9. doi: 10.1111/lam.12334. Epub 2014 Oct 27.

Is a foetus developing in a sterile environment?

Author information

1
Molecular Microbiology and Consultants, Zotzenheim, Germany.

Abstract

Novel findings in microbiology question the long-standing paradigm that a healthy pregnancy implies a sterile uterus. It now seems that the placenta is frequently colonized with bacteria, and a placental microbiome has been identified. Recent literature findings are summarized here, and an attempt is made to separate pathological bacterial presence from a naturally occurring microbiome.

KEYWORDS:

amniotic fluid; breast milk; neonatal sepsis; newborn colonization; placenta microbiome; placental microbiome; preterm birth

PMID:
25273890
DOI:
10.1111/lam.12334
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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