Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2014 Oct 30;20(4):491-6. doi: 10.5056/jnm14012.

High-resolution Impedance Manometry Criteria in the Sitting Position Indicative of Incomplete Bolus Clearance.

Author information

Institute for Digestive Research, Digestive Disease Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



We used high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) to determine the length of breaks on the isobaric contour which would predict incomplete bolus clearance in patients in the sitting position.


In total, 651 swallows in 71 patients with esophageal symptoms were studied using a solid-state HRIM system in the sitting position. Each swallow was classified as complete or incomplete bolus clearance by impedance criteria and peristaltic integrity was evaluated using 20- and 30-mmHg pressure topography isobaric contours. Correlations between the lengths of the breaks for 20- and 30-mmHg were analyzed.


Complete bolus clearance was observed in 83.3% (542/651) of swallows. Breaks of 3 and 7 cm or less were associated with a bolus clearance of 96.8% on the 20-mmHg and 94.7% on the 30-mmHg isobaric contour, respectively (P < 0.001). The areas under the ROC curves for the 20 and 30 mmHg isobaric contours were 0.900 and 0.950, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for complete bolus clearance were 75.6% and 89.3% for breaks 3 cm or less on the 20-mmHg isobaric contour and 87.9% and 78.7% for breaks 7 cm or less on the 30-mmHg contour (P < 0.001).


Breaks of < 3 cm in the 20-mmHg isobaric contour or < 7 cm in the 30-mmHg isobaric contour were associated with com-plete bolus clearance. The threshold for breaks in the sitting position was greater than previous reports using the supine posi-tion and longer breaks predicted incomplete bolus clearance.(J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2014;20:491-496).


High-resolution impedance manometry; Incomplete bolus clearance; Sitting position

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Inforang Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center