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J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2015 Jun;99(3):418-23. doi: 10.1111/jpn.12256. Epub 2014 Sep 30.

Correlations between changes in intestinal microbiota composition and performance parameters in broiler chickens.

Author information

1
Depto. de Fisiología y Bioquímica de la Nutrición Animal (INAN, EEZ, CSIC), Granada, Spain.

Abstract

Growing male Cobb broiler chickens were fed on diets supplemented with additives reported as able to influence intestinal microbiota composition. The diets used were a balanced commercial diet (no additive), inulin (20 g/kg), fructose caramel (FC, 20 g/kg) and the garlic derivative PTS-O (propyl propane thiosulfonate, 45 and 90 mg/kg diet). The composition of the intestinal microbiota was analysed by qPCR at different points of the intestinal tract, and a number of nutritional parameters were also determined. The relative amounts of bacteroides (bacteroides/total bacteria) in the ileal contents correlated (p < 0.05) positively with faecal NDF, ADF, hemicellulose and cellulose digestibility. The relative amounts of Escherichia-Shigella (Escherichia-Shigella/total bacteria) in the crop contents correlated (p = 0.05) negatively with weight gain of broilers. Faecal N digestibility correlated (p < 0.05) negatively with total bacteria in the ileal contents of chickens. The relative amounts of Escherichia-Shigella (Escherichia-Shigella/total bacteria) in the caecal contents correlated (p = 0.05) negatively with faecal fat digestibility of broilers. Total bacteria in ileal or caecal contents of growing chickens correlated (p < 0.05) negatively with ileal N digestibility. The results here reported suggest that positive or negative correlations can be found between performance parameters and changes in intestinal microbiota composition of growing broiler chickens.

KEYWORDS:

broiler; correlation; intestinal microbiota; nutritional parameters

PMID:
25266875
DOI:
10.1111/jpn.12256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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