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J Psychiatr Res. 2014 Dec;59:174-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.09.010. Epub 2014 Sep 19.

Effectiveness of humor intervention for patients with schizophrenia: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
HOPE School of Nursing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address: 1660433132@qq.com.
2
HOPE School of Nursing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.
3
Wuhan City Mental Health Center, Wuhan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the possible therapeutic effects of a 10-session humor intervention program in improving rehabilitative outcomes and the effects of the intervention on patients' sense of humor among patients with schizophrenia.

METHOD:

Thirty subjects were randomly assigned into either the intervention (humor skill training) group (n = 15) or the control (doing handwork) group (n = 15). The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests and ANOVA.

FINDINGS:

Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were conducted to examine the differences across conditions and time. A group by time interaction effect was observed on all of the outcomes, except positive symptoms of PANSS. The time main effect was also significant on the total score (p < 0.005) and the negative symptoms score (p < 0.001) of the PANSS.

CONCLUSIONS:

The implementation of humor skill training in a mental health service can improve rehabilitative outcomes and sense of humor for schizophrenia patients who were in the rehabilitation stage.

KEYWORDS:

China; Humor skill training; Schizophrenia

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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