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Nat Rev Genet. 2014 Dec;15(12):797-813. doi: 10.1038/nrg3748. Epub 2014 Sep 30.

Microbial genome-enabled insights into plant-microorganism interactions.

Author information

1] Center for the Analysis of Genome Evolution and Function, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S3B2, Canada. [2].
1] Department for Algorithmic Bioinformatics, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstrasse 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. [2] Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS). [3].
1] Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences (CEPLAS). [2] Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linné-Weg 10, D-50829 Köln, Germany. [3].


Advances in genome-based studies on plant-associated microorganisms have transformed our understanding of many plant pathogens and are beginning to greatly widen our knowledge of plant interactions with mutualistic and commensal microorganisms. Pathogenomics has revealed how pathogenic microorganisms adapt to particular hosts, subvert innate immune responses and change host range, as well as how new pathogen species emerge. Similarly, culture-independent community profiling methods, coupled with metagenomic and metatranscriptomic studies, have provided the first insights into the emerging field of research on plant-associated microbial communities. Together, these approaches have the potential to bridge the gap between plant microbial ecology and plant pathology, which have traditionally been two distinct research fields.

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