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Neurosci Res. 2015 Apr;93:3-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neures.2014.08.014. Epub 2014 Sep 27.

Brain-mapping projects using the common marmoset.

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Laboratory for Marmoset Neural Architecture, Brain Science Institute RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan; Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. Electronic address:
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, NY 11724, United States.


Globally, there is an increasing interest in brain-mapping projects, including the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative project in the USA, the Human Brain Project (HBP) in Europe, and the Brain Mapping by Integrated Neurotechnologies for Disease Studies (Brain/MINDS) project in Japan. These projects aim to map the structure and function of neuronal circuits to ultimately understand the vast complexity of the human brain. Brain/MINDS is focused on structural and functional mapping of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) brain. This non-human primate has numerous advantages for brain mapping, including a well-developed frontal cortex and a compact brain size, as well as the availability of transgenic technologies. In the present review article, we discuss strategies for structural and functional mapping of the marmoset brain and the relation of the common marmoset to other animals models.


Brain Mapping by Integrated Neurotechnologies for Disease Studies (Brain/MINDS); Brain-wide connectivity maps; Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI); Macroscopic structural mapping; Mesoscopic structural mapping; Microscopic structural mapping

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