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Int Rev Cell Mol Biol. 2014;312:1-52. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800178-3.00001-4.

Microtubule organization and microtubule-associated proteins in plant cells.

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Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:


Plants have unique microtubule (MT) arrays, cortical MTs, preprophase band, mitotic spindle, and phragmoplast, in the processes of evolution. These MT arrays control the directions of cell division and expansion especially in plants and are essential for plant morphogenesis and developments. Organizations and functions of these MT arrays are accomplished by diverse MT-associated proteins (MAPs). This review introduces 10 of conserved MAPs in eukaryote such as γ-TuC, augmin, katanin, kinesin, EB1, CLASP, MOR1/MAP215, MAP65, TPX2, formin, and several plant-specific MAPs such as CSI1, SPR2, MAP70, WVD2/WDL, RIP/MIDD, SPR1, MAP18/PCaP, EDE1, and MAP190. Most of the studies cited in this review have been analyzed in the particular model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. The significant knowledge of A. thaliana is the important established base to understand MT organizations and functions in plants.


Arabidopsis thaliana; Cortical microtubules; MAPs; Microtubule; Mitotic spindle; Phragmoplast; Plants; Preprophase band

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