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Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Sep 12;113(11):117002. Epub 2014 Sep 12.

Trapping a single vortex and reducing quasiparticles in a superconducting resonator.

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Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244-1130, USA.


Vortices trapped in thin-film superconducting microwave resonators can have a significant influence on the resonator performance. Using a variable-linewidth geometry for a weakly coupled resonator, we are able to observe the effects of a single vortex trapped in the resonator through field cooling. For resonant modes where the vortex is near a current antinode, the presence of even a single vortex leads to a measurable decrease in the quality factor and a dispersive shift of the resonant frequency. For modes with the vortex located at a current node, the presence of the vortex results in no detectable excess loss and, in fact, produces an increase in the quality factor. We attribute this enhancement to a reduction in the density of nonequilibrium quasiparticles in the resonator due to their trapping and relaxation near the vortex core.

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