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Nutr Neurosci. 2017 Jan;20(1):8-22. doi: 10.1179/1476830514Y.0000000157. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

The effect of a single dose of multivitamin and mineral combinations with and without guaraná on functional brain activity during a continuous performance task.

Author information

1
a Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University , Melbourne , Australia.
2
b School of Psychology & Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong , Wollongong , Australia.
3
c Bayer Consumer Care Ltd. , Basel , Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Relatively few studies have explored the possibility of acute cognitive effects of multivitamin ingestion. This report explores the acute brain electrophysiological changes associated with multivitamin and mineral supplementation, with and without guaraná, using the steady-state visually evoked potential (SSVEP).

METHODS:

Based on the known SSVEP correlates of A-X continuous performance task (CPT) performance, and sensitivity to acute psychopharmacological manipulations, the A-X CPT was adopted as a task paradigm to explore treatment-related neurophysiological changes in attentional processing. Twenty healthy non-smoking adults aged 21-39 years (mean age = 28.35 years, SD = 5.52) took part in this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, balanced crossover design study.

RESULTS:

The study demonstrated both transient and tonic changes in the SSVEP response during completion of the A-X CPT following multivitamin and mineral treatment both with and without guaraná. Transient changes in SSVEP response in prefrontal regions were observed after a single dose of a multivitamin and mineral preparation indicative of enhanced activity within brain regions engaged by the attentional demands of the task. This pattern of change in frontal regions was correlated with improved behavioural performance after treatment with the multivitamin and mineral combination. Where tonic shifts in SSVEP response were investigated, multivitamin and mineral treatment was associated with a pattern of increased inhibition across posterior regions, with enhanced excitatory processing in prefrontal regions. In contrast, multivitamin and mineral treatment with additional guaraná showed a tonic shift towards greater excitatory processes after a single treatment, consistent with the caffeine content of this treatment.

DISCUSSION:

While preliminary in nature, these findings suggest a single multivitamin/mineral dose is sufficient to impact on functional brain activity in task-related brain regions.

KEYWORDS:

Acute effects; Attention; Continuous performance test; Guaraná; Multivitamin; Neuroimaging; Steady-state visually evoked potential (SSVEP)

PMID:
25259737
DOI:
10.1179/1476830514Y.0000000157
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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