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J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2014 Dec;27(6):353-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2014.01.102. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

Long acting reversible contraception in adolescents with cardiovascular conditions.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: aamies@uw.edu.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.
3
University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this case series was to evaluate the efficacy and complication rate with use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods in adolescents with cardiovascular conditions.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS:

We performed a retrospective chart review of adolescents age 22 or younger with congenital cardiac anomalies or major cardiovascular conditions who had a LARC device placed at Seattle Children's Hospital or University of Washington Medical Center between January 1, 2007 and March 1, 2012.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Patient characteristics, medical conditions, indications, and complications including perforation, pregnancy, expulsion, and pelvic infection were collected and analyzed.

RESULTS:

Thirty adolescents with congenital cardiac anomalies or other cardiovascular conditions had a LARC device inserted during the study period. Mean age at placement was 17.7 years (range 12-22). Twelve patients (40%) had reported a previous pregnancy and 12 (40%) had never been sexually active at time of placement. Common primary and secondary indications were desired contraception (22 patients, 73%), desired menstrual suppression (15 subjects, 50%) and treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding (8 subjects, 27%). Twenty-nine patients had a structural cardiac anomaly. There were 27 levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices (IUD), 1 copper IUD, and 3 etonogestrel implants placed. There were 2 confirmed IUD expulsions and 1 removal due to persistent irregular bleeding and cramping. There were no cases of pelvic inflammatory disease or pregnancies with LARC methods in place. Twenty-seven (90%) patients were continuing LARC at last follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this small case series of adolescents with cardiovascular conditions, LARC devices were effective at pregnancy prevention without serious complications.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Cardiac; Cardiovascular; Contraception; Etonogestrel implant; Intrauterine device

PMID:
25256877
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpag.2014.01.102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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