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Diabetes Educ. 2014 Nov-Dec;40(6):797-805. doi: 10.1177/0145721714551993. Epub 2014 Sep 24.

Telemedicine for Reach, Education, Access, and Treatment (TREAT): linking telemedicine with diabetes self-management education to improve care in rural communities.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Siminerio, Dr Toledo)
2
Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Ruppert)
3
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Ms Huber)

Erratum in

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to examine diabetes-related behavioral and psychosocial outcomes as well as patient satisfaction with the Telemedicine for Reach, Education, Access, and Treatment (TREAT) model.

METHODS:

TREAT employs telemedicine services provided by an endocrinologist at an urban area in partnership with a diabetes educator in a rural area, working together with patients and primary care providers (PCPs). Thirty-five patients with type 2 diabetes were referred by PCPs and received glycemic management and education in the TREAT model. A diabetes educator operated the videoconferencing equipment, remained with the patient to receive and review plan communicated by the endocrinologist during the visit, coordinated services, administered surveys, and provided self-management education and support. Empowerment, self-care, diabetes distress, adherence to monitoring, and patient satisfaction were assessed by survey at baseline and follow-up.

RESULTS:

There was significant improvement in empowerment, self-care (adherence to diet and monitoring), and reduction in diabetes distress. Patients reported high levels of satisfaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

In rural areas, the TREAT model delivers improvements in behavioral and psychosocial outcomes and high patient satisfaction. The TREAT model may be a viable option for rural communities that suffer from a shortage of team-based diabetes specialist and self-management support services.

PMID:
25253624
DOI:
10.1177/0145721714551993
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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