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Front Neurosci. 2014 Sep 4;8:276. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00276. eCollection 2014.

Socioeconomic status and structural brain development.

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Department of Pediatrics, Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University New York, NY, USA.


Recent advances in neuroimaging methods have made accessible new ways of disentangling the complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors that influence structural brain development. In recent years, research investigating associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and brain development have found significant links between SES and changes in brain structure, especially in areas related to memory, executive control, and emotion. This review focuses on studies examining links between structural brain development and SES disparities of the magnitude typically found in developing countries. We highlight how highly correlated measures of SES are differentially related to structural changes within the brain.


brain development; environmental variation; socioeconomic status; structural imaging

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