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Alcohol Alcohol. 2014 Nov;49(6):604-17. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agu061. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

Sports and Spirits: A Systematic Qualitative Review of Emergent Theories for Student-Athlete Drinking.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK zhoujn@edgehill.ac.uk.
2
Department of Psychology, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.

Abstract

AIMS:

To review the current literature and critically examine theories used to explain the link between athletic status and hazardous alcohol consumption, and highlight emergent perspectives.

METHODS:

A search of online databases (Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsychINFO) and a systematic methodology were used to identify relevant studies for inclusion. Sixty-six articles were included for review (publishing dates ranging from 1989 to 2013).

RESULTS:

The majority of the studies were from the USA (n = 52), with cross-sectional surveys the most utilized method of data collection. The literature outlines a number of important sport-specific factors that may be motivating drinking behaviour among student athletes. Moreover, social processes appear particularly important for sport-associated drinking. However there is still paucity in the theoretical underpinnings for this relationship, and the processes through which membership of a sports group may shape its members drinking. The role of identity emerged as an important variable to consider when exploring engagement of health behaviours, such as alcohol consumption.

CONCLUSIONS:

With the aim of reducing alcohol-related harm, the impact of sports group membership on psychosocial variables such as social identity and well-being warrants further exploration. Future research should explore the role of identity and group-level processes when examining the engagement of drinking behaviours of student sportspeople.

PMID:
25249539
DOI:
10.1093/alcalc/agu061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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