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Maturitas. 2014 Dec;79(4):476-80. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.08.012. Epub 2014 Sep 6.

Effects of vitamin E on bone remodeling in perimenopausal women: mini review.

Author information

1
Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bozova State Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey. Electronic address: dronur@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Vitamin E is known to be the most important antioxidant in the body, protecting against the effects of toxic radicals. The main idea behind the studies on vitamin E and bone metabolism stems from the concept that oxidative stress may interfere with the bone formation activity of osteoblasts which in turn can lead to osteoporosis. This mini-review, summarizes the studies on the effects of vitamin E on bone mineral density, fracture risk, bone formation, and resorption markers in perimenopausal women. Current evidence does not the support daily use of vitamin E for protection against osteoporosis and hip fracture risk in perimenopausal women. However some benefit has been shown in some observational studies. Low vitamin E (>6.2mg/day) intake seems to be associated with an OR of 3.0 of hip fracture in current smokers. Compared with the highest quintile of alpha-tocopherol intake, the lowest quintile of intake conferred a multivariable-adjusted HR of 1.86 for hip fracture and 1.20 for any fracture. Alpha-tocopherol supplementation may alter the alpha-tocopherol/gamma-tocopherol ratio; which in turn may be associated with decreased osteoblastic activity. Interventional studies, especially randomized controlled trials (RCT), evaluating a possible causal relationship between serum vitamin E levels and BMD and hip fracture risk in perimenopausal women are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Bone mineral density; Osteoporosis; Perimenopausal; Tocopherol; Tocotrienols; Vitamin E

PMID:
25248856
DOI:
10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.08.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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