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PLoS One. 2014 Sep 23;9(9):e107910. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107910. eCollection 2014.

Getting the picture: iconicity does not affect representation-referent confusion.

Author information

1
University of Plymouth, School of Psychology, Cognition Centre, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
2
University of Warwick, Department of Psychology, Coventry, United Kingdom.
3
Oxford Brookes University, School of Psychology, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Three experiments examined 3- to 5-year-olds' (Nā€Š=ā€Š428) understanding of the relationship between pictorial iconicity (photograph, colored drawing, schematic drawing) and the real world referent. Experiments 1 and 2 explored pictorial iconicity in picture-referent confusion after the picture-object relationship has been established. Pictorial iconicity had no effect on referential confusion when the referent changed after the picture had been taken/drawn (Experiment 1) and when the referent and the picture were different from the outset (Experiment 2). Experiment 3 investigated whether children are sensitive to iconicity to begin with. Children deemed photographs from a choice of varying iconicity representations as best representations for object reference. Together, findings suggest that iconicity plays a role in establishing a picture-object relation per se but is irrelevant once children have accepted that a picture represents an object. The latter finding may reflect domain general representational abilities.

PMID:
25247708
PMCID:
PMC4172687
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0107910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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