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J Bacteriol. 2014 Dec;196(24):4229-38. doi: 10.1128/JB.02138-14. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

The Cpx envelope stress response regulates and is regulated by small noncoding RNAs.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada traivio@ualberta.ca.

Abstract

The Escherichia coli genome encodes approximately 30 two-component systems that are required for sensing and responding to a variety of environmental and physiological cues. Recent studies have revealed numerous regulatory connections between two-component systems and small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs), which posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression by base pairing with target mRNAs. In this study, we investigated the role of sRNAs in the CpxAR two-component system, which detects and mediates an adaptive response to potentially lethal protein misfolding in the Gram-negative bacterial envelope. Here, we showed for the first time that sRNAs are members of the Cpx regulon. We found that CpxR binds to the promoter regions and regulates expression of two sRNA genes, cyaR and rprA. We also investigated the roles that these sRNAs play in the Cpx response. Cpx repression of cyaR expression creates a feed-forward loop, in which CpxAR increases expression of the inner membrane protein YqaE both directly at the transcriptional level and indirectly at the translational level. Moreover, we found that RprA exerts negative feedback on the Cpx response, reducing Cpx activity in a manner that is dependent on the response regulator CpxR but independent of all of RprA's previously described targets. sRNAs therefore permit the fine-tuning of Cpx pathway activity and its regulation of target genes, which could assist bacterial survival in the face of envelope stress.

PMID:
25246476
PMCID:
PMC4248847
DOI:
10.1128/JB.02138-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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