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Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2014 Oct;23(4):789-820. doi: 10.1016/j.soc.2014.07.003.

Diagnostic imaging of hepatic lesions in adults.

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Department of Radiology, University California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USA.
Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, University California, Davis Health System, 4501 X Street, Suite 3010D, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. Electronic address:

Erratum in

  • Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2015 Apr;24(2):xvii. Fananazapir, Ghaneh [corrected to Fananapazir, Ghaneh].


Multiphase contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the current modality of choice for characterization of liver masses incidentally detected on imaging. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) performed in the portal phase is the mainstay for the screening of liver metastases. Characterization of a liver mass by CT and MRI primarily relies on the dynamic contrast-enhancement characteristics of the mass in multiple phases. Noninvasive MRI and CT imaging characteristics of benign and malignant liver masses, coupled with relevant clinical information, allow reliable characterization of most liver lesions. Some cases may have nonspecific or overlapping features that may present a diagnostic dilemma.


Computed tomography; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver mass; Magnetic resonance imaging

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