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Surg Clin North Am. 2014 Oct;94(5):945-62, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2014.07.013. Epub 2014 Aug 6.

Epidemiology, risk factors, prevention, and early detection of melanoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Blalock 610, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
2
Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Blalock 610, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: jlange@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

The incidence of melanoma has increased over the past several decades. Despite improved case mortality, overall deaths from melanoma have increased because of the large increase in incidence. Although we have a better understanding of the pathogenesis of melanoma and improved early diagnostic capabilities, the burden of disease and societal costs remain high. This article provides an update on the epidemiology of cutaneous melanoma worldwide and the common risk factors including heritable and modifiable risks, emphasizing the importance of education, early detection, and prevention in reducing the disease burden.

KEYWORDS:

Early detection; Epidemiology; Melanoma; Prevention; Risk factors; Screening

PMID:
25245960
DOI:
10.1016/j.suc.2014.07.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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