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Br J Haematol. 2015 Feb;168(3):413-20. doi: 10.1111/bjh.13131. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

A large-scale computational study of inhibitor risk in non-severe haemophilia A.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences and Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK.

Abstract

Over 500 missense F8 mutations have been reported to cause non-severe haemophilia A. Some F8 genotypes appear to confer a higher risk of inhibitor formation than others and individuals with the same F8 genotype may have differing risks of inhibitor formation. We present an in silico strategy demonstrating the heterogeneity of factor VIII (FVIII)-derived antigen presentation whilst identifying patterns of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) peptide binding that might predict future inhibitor risk. A well-validated computational tool, NetMHCII, enabled large-scale comparison of predicted antigen presentation between endogenous, mutated FVIII-derived peptides and wild-type, therapeutic FVIII-derived peptides spanning all F8 missense mutation positions reported to The Haemophilia A Mutation, Structure and Resource Site (HADB). We identify 40 F8 genotypes to be 'low risk' at a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50 )-binding threshold of 300 nmol/l (P = 0·00005), defined as absence of novel peptide-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) surfaces for all 14 common HLA-DR alleles assessed. Analysing each of the possible 7280 F8 genotype/HLA-DR permutations individually at an IC50 threshold of 300 nmol/l, 65% are predicted to not generate a novel peptide-MHC surface that would be necessary to engage T cell help for subsequent anti-FVIII antibody generation. This study demonstrates the future importance of interpreting F8 genotype in the context of an individual's HLA profile to personalize inhibitor risk prediction.

KEYWORDS:

F8 genotype; antigen presentation; haemophilia A; in silico; inhibitor

PMID:
25244644
DOI:
10.1111/bjh.13131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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