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Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014 Aug;23(4):158-61. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2014.06.016. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

ISSVA classification.

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Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, Cincinnati Children׳s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnett Ave, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229. Electronic address:
Department of Surgery, Boston Children׳s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.


Mulliken and Glowacki, in 1982 created a classification system of vascular anomalies which divided vascular anomalies into tumors and malformations which provided the framework for great advances in the management of these patients. This classification system was recently expanded at the 2014 ISSVA workshop in Melbourne. This revision again provides much greater detail including newly named anomalies and identified genes to account for recent advances in knowledge and clinical associations.


ISSVA Classification; Vascular malformations; Vascular tumors

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