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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2015 Jan;25(1):116-22. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2014.08.001. Epub 2014 Aug 20.

Consumption of ultra-processed food products and its effects on children's lipid profiles: a longitudinal study.

Author information

1
Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: rauber.fernanda@gmail.com.
2
Departament of Nutrition, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, RS, Brazil.
3
Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, NJ, USA.
4
Department of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Cardiovascular disease development is related to known risk factors (such as diet and blood lipids) that begin in childhood. Among dietary factors, the consumption of ultra-processing products has received attention. This study investigated whether children's consumption of processed and ultra-processing products at preschool age predicted an increase in lipid concentrations from preschool to school age.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Cohort study conducted with 345 children of low socioeconomic status from São Leopoldo, Brazil, aged 3-4 years and 7-8 years. Blood tests were done to measure lipid profile. Dietary data were collected through 24-h recalls and the children's processed and ultra-processing product intake was assessed. Linear regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between processed and ultra-processed product intake at 3-4 years on changes in lipid concentrations from preschool to school age. The percentage of daily energy provided by processed and ultra-processed products was 42.6 ± 8.5 at preschool age and 49.2 ± 9.5 at school age, on average. In terms of energy intake, the main products consumed were breads, savoury snacks, cookies, candy and other sweets in both age groups. Ultra-processed product consumption at preschool age was a predictor of a higher increase in total cholesterol (β = 0.430; P = 0.046) and LDL cholesterol (β = 0.369; P = 0.047) from preschool to school age.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest that early ultra-processed product consumption played a role in altering lipoprotein profiles in children from a low-income community in Brazil. These results are important to understanding the role of food processing and the early dietary determinants of cardiovascular disease.

KEYWORDS:

Child nutrition; Cohort studies; Food processing and ultra-processed foods; Risk factors

PMID:
25240690
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2014.08.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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