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Vet Microbiol. 2014 Nov 7;174(1-2):223-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.08.029. Epub 2014 Sep 6.

Evaluation of hemostaseological status of pigs experimentally infected with African swine fever virus.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Cell Biology and Virology, Institute of Molecular Biology of NAS RA, P.O. Box 0014, Yerevan, Armenia.
2
Laboratory of Cell Biology and Virology, Institute of Molecular Biology of NAS RA, P.O. Box 0014, Yerevan, Armenia; Scientific Center of Stock Breading and Veterinary RA, P.O. Box 0071, Nubarashen Sarahat 2, Yerevan, Armenia.
3
Laboratory of Cell Biology and Virology, Institute of Molecular Biology of NAS RA, P.O. Box 0014, Yerevan, Armenia. Electronic address: z_karalyan@mb.sci.am.

Abstract

African swine fever is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV). Hemorrhages are the most frequently reported lesions in acute and subacute forms of ASF. Hemorrhagic lesions are accompanied by impaired hemostasis, which includes thrombocytopenia and changes in the coagulation system. In the present study, experimental infection was conducted to elucidate whether a highly virulent ASFV genotype II circulating in the Trans-Caucasus and Eastern Europe affects the hemostasis of infected pigs. Platelet count changes and platelet size, as well as coagulation parameters were evaluated upon experimental infection. In contrast to other ASFV strains, ASFV genotype II showed a significant decrease in the number of platelets from 3rd dpi onwards. Furthermore, a decrease in platelet size was observed throughout the entire period of experiment. A significant increase in the number of platelet aggregates was observed from the beginning of infection. Unlike other ASFV strains, ASFV genotype II induced a slight shortening of an activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) throughout the experiment. Thrombin time (TT) was prolonged from day 5 onwards, whereas no changes in prothrombin time (PT) were found upon infection. The level of d-dimers was permanently higher than in control with a peak on day 3 post-infection. ASFV induced a significant decrease in the level of fibrinogen from day 5 till the end of experiment. Thus, it can be concluded that ASFV genotype II isolated in Armenia affects the hemostasis of infected pigs and causes changes that differ from that of other ASFV strains described previously.

KEYWORDS:

Coagulation; Hemostasis; Platelet; Thrombocytopenia

PMID:
25239678
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.08.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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