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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2014 Aug;44(4):398-406. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2014.44.4.398.

[Validity and reliability of the Korean version of the pain assessment checklist for seniors with limited ability to communicate].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
2
Department of Nursing, Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea.
3
Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea.
4
Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
5
Department of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. elee@eulji.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was done to develop and test the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate (PACSLAC-K) in assessing pain of elders with dementia living in long-term care facilities.

METHODS:

The PACSLAC-K was developed through forward-backward translation techniques. Survey data were collected from 307 elders with dementia living in 5 long-term care facilities in Korea. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, Spearman's rho, paired t-test, ROC (receiver operation characteristic) curve with the SPSS/WIN (20.0) program.

RESULTS:

The PACSLAC-K showed high internal consistency (.90), inter-rater reliability (.86), intra-rater reliability (.93), and high concurrent validity (.74) in paired t-test with PAINAD. Discriminant validity also showed a significant difference compared with no pain. The PACSLAC-K showed a sensitivity of .93, specificity of .88, and Area Under the Curve of .95 in the ROC curve.

CONCLUSION:

The findings of this study demonstrate that PACSLAC-K is useful in assessing pain for elders with dementia living in long-term care facilities.

KEYWORDS:

Dementia; Elders; Pain; Reliability; Validity

PMID:
25231805
DOI:
10.4040/jkan.2014.44.4.398
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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