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Virology. 1989 Apr;169(2):354-64.

Maturation of Japanese encephalitis virus glycoproteins produced by infected mammalian and mosquito cells.

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Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


The Japanese encephalitis virus (JE) structural glycoprotein (E) and two nonstructural glycoproteins (NS1 and NS1') were processed differently by JE-infected vertebrate and invertebrate cell lines. All three proteins were released slowly (t1/2 greater than 6 hr) from JE-infected monkey cells (Vero cells). Mosquito cell lines released E at a similar rate (t1/2 greater than 8 hr), while NS1 and NS1' were retained in an undegraded form in the cell layer. The proteolytic processing of the three proteins appeared identical in both cell types, but some differences in N-linked glycosylation were observed. E, NS1, and NS1' found within the infected cells of both types contained high-mannose oligosaccharide groups for more than 8 hr after synthesis. Additional sugar residues were added to the single E protein oligosaccharide group prior to release from Vero cells, while sugar residues were trimmed from the E protein oligosaccharide group prior to release from mosquito cells. The forms of NS1 and NS1' found in the culture fluid of infected Vero cells contained one complex and one high-mannose oligosaccharide. All three glycoproteins released from JE-infected Vero cells were associated with extracellular particles, the virion in the case of E and a low density particle in the case of and NS1' exhibited amphipathic properties in Triton X-114 extraction experiments. Taken together, these results suggest that both the structural (E) and nonstructural (NS1 and NS1') glycoproteins were pathway of the infected Vero cells, assembled into particles, and then released into the extracellular fluid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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