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Br J Nutr. 2014 Nov 14;112(9):1542-50. doi: 10.1017/S0007114514002530. Epub 2014 Sep 18.

Acute ingestion of catechin-rich green tea improves postprandial glucose status and increases serum thioredoxin concentrations in postmenopausal women.

Author information

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University,2-579-15 Mikajima,Tokorozawa,Saitama359-1192,Japan.
2
Department of Health and Sports Sciences,Faculty of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University,4-1-1 Nukuikitamachi,Koganei,Tokyo184-8501,Japan.
3
Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University,2-579-15 Mikajima,Tokorozawa,Saitama359-1192,Japan.
4
Health Care Food Research, Kao Corporation,2-1-3,Bunka Sumida-ku,Tokyo131-8501,Japan.

Abstract

Elevated postprandial hyperglycaemia and oxidative stress increase the risks of type 2 diabetes and CVD. Green tea catechin possesses antidiabetic properties and antioxidant capacity. In the present study, we examined the acute and continuous effects of ingestion of catechin-rich green tea on postprandial hyperglycaemia and oxidative stress in healthy postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned into the placebo (P, n 11) or green tea (GT, n 11) group. The GT group consumed a catechin-rich green tea (catechins 615 mg/350 ml) beverage per d for 4 weeks. The P group consumed a placebo (catechins 92 mg/350 ml) beverage per d for 4 weeks. At baseline and after 4 weeks, participants of each group consumed their designated beverages with breakfast and consumed lunch 3 h after breakfast. Venous blood samples were collected in the fasted state (0 h) and at 2, 4 and 6 h after breakfast. Postprandial glucose concentrations were 3 % lower in the GT group than in the P group (three-factor ANOVA, group × time interaction, P< 0·05). Serum concentrations of the derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites increased after meals (P< 0·05), but no effect of catechin-rich green tea intake was observed. Conversely, serum postprandial thioredoxin concentrations were 5 % higher in the GT group than in the P group (three-factor ANOVA, group × time interaction, P< 0·05). These findings indicate that an acute ingestion of catechin-rich green tea has beneficial effects on postprandial glucose and redox homeostasis in postmenopausal women.

PMID:
25230741
DOI:
10.1017/S0007114514002530
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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