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Prev Med. 2014 Dec;69:90-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.09.005. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

Profile of e-cigarette use and its relationship with cigarette quit attempts and abstinence in Kansas adults.

Author information

1
Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Health Promotion, KS, Topeka, United States. Electronic address: tchristensen@kdheks.gov.
2
Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Health Promotion, KS, Topeka, United States.
3
Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Health Promotion, KS, Topeka, United States; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, Topeka, United States; Department of Family Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, Topeka, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study is to describe electronic cigarette use in Kansas adults and its relationship with cigarette cessation.

METHODS:

The Kansas Adult Tobacco Survey (ATS) is a 2012-2013 phone survey of non-institutionalized Kansas adults (N=9656). The ATS was analyzed to create a profile of cigarette and e-cigarette users, and demonstrate associations between e-cigarette use and cigarette cessation attempts and cigarette abstinence.

RESULTS:

In 2013, 45% of adult cigarette smokers had tried e-cigarettes and 14% had used e-cigarettes in the past month. The prevalence of current cigarette smoking was 76.5% among past-month e-cigarette users. Adults who only use e-cigarettes are younger and more affluent than adults who only smoke cigarettes. The prevalence of past-month e-cigarette use among smokers who made a quit attempt in the past year is more than double that of smokers who did not. E-cigarette use was negatively associated with past-month (aPOR=0.21, 95% CI: 0.11-0.38) and past-year cigarette abstinence (aPOR=0.14, 95% CI: 0.10-0.22).

CONCLUSIONS:

E-cigarette use is common among cigarette smokers. E-cigarette use is more common among smokers who made a recent quit attempt and many smokers report using smokeless tobacco or e-cigarettes to help quit. Recent cigarette abstinence, however, is negatively associated with e-cigarette use.

KEYWORDS:

Cessation; Cigarette; Dual use; E-cigarette; Electronic cigarette; Quit attempts; Smoking

PMID:
25230365
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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