Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015 Oct;151:297-305. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.08.014. Epub 2014 Sep 2.

Study the effect of insecticide dimethoate on photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic activity of pigeon pea: Laser-induced chlorophyll fluorescence spectroscopy.

Author information

1
Laser Spectroscopy and Nanomaterials Lab, Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India. Electronic address: jkpandey18@gmail.com.
2
Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302016, India.
3
Laser Spectroscopy and Nanomaterials Lab, Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India.

Abstract

Pigeon pea is one of the most important legume crops in India and dimethoate is a widely used insecticide in various crop plants. We studied the effect of dimethoate on growth and photosynthetic activity of pigeon pea plants over a short and long term exposure. Plant growth parameters, photosynthetic pigment content and chlorophyll fluorescence response of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) plants treated with various concentrations of the insecticide dimethoate (10, 20, 40 and 80 ppm) have been compared for 30 days at regular intervals of 10 days each. Laser induced chlorophyll fluorescence spectra and fluorescence-induction kinetics (FIK) curve of dimethoate treated pigeon pea plants were recorded after 10, 20 and 30 days of treatment. Fluorescence intensity ratio at the two fluorescence maxima (F685/F730) was calculated by evaluating curve-fitted parameters. The variable chlorophyll fluorescence decrease ratio (Rfd) was determined from the FIK curves. Our study revealed that after 10 days of treatment, 10 ppm of dimethoate showed stimulatory response whereas 20, 40 and 80 ppm of dimethoate showed inhibitory response for growth and photosynthetic activity of pigeon pea plants, but after 20 and 30 days of treatment all the tested concentrations of dimethoate became inhibitory. This study clearly shows that dimethoate is highly toxic to the pigeon pea plant, even at very low concentration (10 ppm), if used for a prolonged duration. Our study may thus be helpful in determining the optimal dose of dimethoate in agricultural practices.

KEYWORDS:

Dimethoate stress; Fluorescence induction kinetics (FIK); Fluorescence intensity ratio (F685/F730); Laser induced chlorophyll fluorescence (LICF); Pigeon pea; Plant vitality index {R(fd)=(F(m)−F(s))/F(s)}

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center