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Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2015 Jan-Feb;50(1):69-84. doi: 10.3109/10409238.2014.959890. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

Insights and challenges in using C. elegans for investigation of fat metabolism.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of California , San Francisco, CA , USA.

Abstract

C. elegans provides a genetically tractable system for deciphering the homeostatic mechanisms that underlie fat regulation in intact organisms. Here, we provide an overview of the recent advances in the C. elegans fat field with particular attention to studies of C. elegans lipid droplets, the complex links between lipases, autophagy, and lifespan, and analyses of key transcriptional regulatory mechanisms that coordinate lipid homeostasis. These studies demonstrate the ancient origins of mammalian and C. elegans fat regulatory pathways and highlight how C. elegans is being used to identify and analyze novel lipid pathways that are then shown to function similarly in mammals. Despite its many advantages, study of fat regulation in C. elegans is currently faced with a number of conceptual and methodological challenges. We critically evaluate some of the assumptions in the field and highlight issues that we believe should be taken into consideration when interpreting lipid content data in C. elegans.

KEYWORDS:

C. elegans; Nile Red; fat; lipase; lipid; metabolism; transcription factor

PMID:
25228063
DOI:
10.3109/10409238.2014.959890
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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