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Diabetes Educ. 2014 Nov-Dec;40(6):778-85. doi: 10.1177/0145721714550693. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

Gender differences in lay knowledge of type 2 diabetes symptoms among community-dwelling Caucasian, Latino, Filipino, and Korean adults - DiLH survey.

Author information

1
Institute for Health & Aging/Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, California (Dr Fukuoka, Dr Bender, Dr Choi, Ms Gonzalez, Dr Arai).

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in lay knowledge of type 2 diabetes symptoms among community-dwelling Caucasian, Latino, Filipino, and Korean Americans.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey was administered to a convenience sample of 904 adults (172 Caucasians, 248 Latinos, 234 Koreans, and 250 Filipinos) without diabetes at community events, community clinics, churches, and online in the San Francisco Bay Area and San Diego from August to December 2013. Participants were asked to describe in their own words signs and/or symptoms of diabetes. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association of lay symptom knowledge with gender after controlling for potential confounding factors.

RESULTS:

Overall, the average age of the sample populations was 44 (SD ±16.1) years, 36% were male, and 58% were married. Increased thirst/dry mouth following increased urinary frequency/color/odor and increased fatigue/lethargy/low energy were the most frequently reported signs and symptoms (19.8%, 15.4%, and 13.6%, respectively). After controlling for known confounding factors, women were 1.6 (95% confidence interval, 1.2-2.3, P = .004) times more likely than men to report at least 1 diabetes symptom. However, this gender difference in knowledge of diabetes signs and symptoms did not significantly differ across Caucasians, Latinos, Filipinos, and Korean Americans (P = .87).

CONCLUSION:

The findings underscore the importance of improving public knowledge and awareness of signs and symptoms of diabetes, particularly in men.

PMID:
25227121
PMCID:
PMC4437506
DOI:
10.1177/0145721714550693
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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